The intestines are often known as our second brain due to them being able to micromanage over 200 million organisms. Researchers have been putting a lot of time into researching how intestinal microbiota directly relates to the decrease of age-related diseases. The microbiota was shown to be able to reduce conditions such as inflammation, metabolite regulation, and even oxidative stress. This means that with these symptoms reduced, microbiota can absolutely be considered a therapeutic way to fight age-related ailments.
- The second brain in humans is the intestine because it is flooded with several bacteria, viruses, and germs that form the microbiota that interact with the nervous system.
- The communication axis between the brain, the nervous system of the intestine and the intestinal microbiota is bidirectional and is called the gut-brain axis.
- It is known that the intestinal microbiota can have an influence on longevity and aging because its composition varies with age and can influence disease outbreaks.
“This is due to the ability of the microbiota to simultaneously modulate several age-related processes such as inflammation, oxidative stress, metabolite regulation and energy homeostasis through the gut-brain axis.”