Taurine or L-Taurine is regarded as the 2nd most abundant amino acid in the body’s muscles after glutamine. It is present in huge amounts in our heart and brain. It is also found in healthy food sources like milk products, poultry, eggs and the ideal ones being meat and fish. It is included in some energy drinks and several supplements, helpful to assist athletic activity. It is approved as a neurotransmitter. Taurine has popularity as a performance enhancer for athletes. As with completely new research, scientists discovered that taurine is most abundant in our body’s Type II muscle fibers, much more than glutamine, which has resulted in a lot speculation for power sports athletes.
Science behind how Taurine enhances athletic performance
- Extended Endurance
Taurine supplements are generally used by endurance athletes and body builders to alleviate cramps, muscle inflammation and fatigue. When combined with BCAAs (branched chain amino acids), taurine decreases post-exercise muscle pain. When endurance athletes were subjected to testing after consuming various energy drink combos, they encountered considerably extended endurance instances when taurine was incorporated. It was observed that left-ventricular contractility was enhanced thus decreasing heart rates at sub-maximal extremes.
- Increased VO2Max
Research published by the Japanese researchers in 2003 reviewed 11 men aged 18 to 20, who have been told to carry out bicycle workouts till they were worn out. After taking taurine supplements for 7 days every time, prior to their workout, the athletes demonstrated substantial increases in the maximum potential of a person’s body to transport and utilize oxygen (VO2Max) and time until tiredness set in. The researchers acknowledged the improvement to taurine’s anti-oxidant function and protection of cellular attributes in athletes.
- Increased Muscle mass and cell volume
Taurine has been recognized to maximize muscle mass, muscle power and strength, decreases muscle damage due to exercise, speed up recovery in between workouts, and may likewise have an insulin-like impact in the body. It seems that taurine has numerous crucial functions and can act much like creatinine for the reason that it stretches the body’s cells by supporting the muscle cell per se carrying more water, thus boosting cell volume. High muscle concentrations of taurine also appear to be extremely important in helping high performance athletes. The bottom-line is that taurine concentration was reduced in all the skeletal muscles after physical exercise, no matter the duration. Furthermore, this decrease was particular to fast-twitch prominent fibers. This can be of key significance to varied types of athletes due to a wide selection of sports distinct activities that must definitely be accomplished for an athlete to ensure success.
- Helps in protein synthesis
It’s been theorized that it is vital for a high performance athlete to take taurine as it helps with protein synthesis and muscle mass hypertrophy. In addition, yet another theory is that taurine elevates structural contractile functionality in the muscle itself and thus might aid the lifter in coping with heavier weights.
Whether an athlete is taking part in a shorter yet intensive workout session or a prolonged relatively intense activity, taurine depletion will be the same. Thus it appears to be that majority of athletes will benefit from supplementing with taurine. Thus, taurine can be the most beneficial nutrient for an athlete’s overall fitness, mental well-being, and endurance which in turn enhances their performance.