What we refer to as nutrients are either vitamins or minerals found in our food. Minerals are elements, unlike vitamins, which are compounds. In nutrition, dietary minerals and dietary elements are often interchangeable, though the former is archaic. It is now widely accepted that the minerals we need are chemical elements such as calcium in contrast to actual minerals. It follows that trace minerals are elements that are required in minute quantities but enough to perform its biological roles in the body.
Activates Enzymatic Reactions
Many trace minerals are directly involved in the cellular events that require the participation of enzymes. Zinc, one of the most pervasive elements at the cellular level, is utilized by enzymes that affect wound healing, blood clotting, and many other processes that strengthen the immune system. In fact, all enzyme classes contain a family of proteins that necessitate the presence of zinc.
Iron is very abundant in nature as it is found in proteins of all living organisms. It is the most abundant transition metal in the human body. It is particularly important in the catalytic activities of catalase, an enzyme that converts hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. Other trace elements needed for several enzymatic reactions tied to oxygen are manganese, molybdenum, and copper.
Trace Minerals And The Body
Influences Metabolic Processes
Iodine is almost always linked to the thyroid gland, for this mineral plays a central role in the biosynthesis and metabolism of thyroid hormones. The rate of metabolism is heavily influenced by thyroid hormones, which depend on the availability of iodine. The chemical element iron is central to the metabolism of hemeproteins, which are responsible for the metabolism of oxygen.
Oxidation reduction, or simply redox, encompasses a large group of chemical reactions that take place everywhere in nature. These processes result in a change of oxidation number of the atoms involved. In human beings, these are supervised by countless compounds that differ only in their chemical structure, all of which require the presence of elements such as molybdenum, copper, and manganese.
Boosts Antioxidant Defense
Trace minerals are the most primitive scavengers of reactive oxygen species. Free radicals, peroxides, and superoxides are natural by-products of aerobic metabolism, the cellular process that needs oxygen to generate energy. These by-products damage cells and tissues during oxidative stress, which is prevented by chemical elements like selenium and manganese. Selenium raises levels of glutathione whereas manganese enables the efficient synthesis of uric acid. Glutathione and uric acid are natural antioxidants in the employ of every individual cell.
Strengthen The Body With Trace Minerals
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