Diabetes is a serious health condition. Although it can make life difficult for a patient, there are still many people who are not well informed about the condition. There are various myths regarding diabetes. Some think that only old people or a particular group of people get it, and so they are not vulnerable to it.
How Diabetes Affects Our Body
A person with diabetes has his or her blood glucose levels above the normal range. Most food items eaten are converted into sugar or glucose. The pancreas, an organ that’s located just under the stomach, produces insulin. Insulin is a type of hormone that helps glucose to enter the cells of the body. The cells then generate cell building material from the glucose as well as release energy to carry out body’s necessary tasks. It is for this reason that people with diabetes often suffer from lack of energy and experience rapid weight loss. The cells are starving for glucose in such cases.
The main functions of insulin include regulation of various chemical processes within the body. This determines how the body handles carbohydrates as well as other nutrients. The body of a diabetic patient does not produce enough insulin or is unable to take advantage of its insulin. This leads to the building up of high levels of sugar in the blood stream. The glucose stays in the blood vessels and affects organs like the kidneys and eyes. Diabetes is known as “the silent killer.”
There are primarily four types of diabetes conditions. These include diabetes mellitus type 1, diabetes mellitus type 2, diabetes insipidus and gestational diabetes. Other known types of diabetes include latent autoimmune diabetes of adults, neonatal diabetes mellitus), maturity onset diabetes of the young and Ketosis-prone diabetes. Patients once diagnosed with diabetes needs to be under constant medical attention to prevent any serious complications. The possible complications that may occur in diabetes patients include heart diseases, strokes, kidney failure, blindness, as well as lower-extremity amputations.